Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

It is a non-invasive medical treatment. The patient enters the Hyperbaric Chamber and by means of a mask breathes high concentrations of oxygen at a pressure higher than the normal atmospheric pressure.
The Hyperbaric Chamber Treatment is a safe therapy, since the number of sessions and their duration are always indicated by a physician.

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ABOUT

Hyperoxia

It is a non-invasive medical treatment that increases the volume of dissolved oxygen in the blood plasma. Inside the Hyperbaric Chamber, the patient breathes high concentrations of oxygen at a pressure higher than normal atmospheric pressure. This results in multiple benefits for the organism.

Mechanisms of action of HBOT

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    The patient breathes high doses of O2 in a hyperbaric environment.
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    High HYPEROXIA increases the volume of dissolved oxygen in the blood plasma.
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    The greater diffusion of oxygen reaches the less irrigated tissues.
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    HYPEROXIA produces a wide variety of physiological benefits to the body.

Physiological Effects

The Hyperbaric Chamber produces strong hyperoxia that generates different benefits for the organism.

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Repair of peripheral neuronal fibers
Oxygen promotes nervous system plasticity.
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Angiogenesis
Hyperoxia stimulates and promotes the formation of small blood vessels, thus improving perfusion.
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Collagen synthesis stimulation
Hyperoxia induces proline hydroxylation and fibroblast proliferation. Thus, it promotes collagen synthesis, which is essential for wound healing and tissue repair.
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Bactericidal activity
Hyperoxia generates reactive oxygen species that increase the activity of antibiotics. It is also active against bacterial biofilm.
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Regulation of oxidative stress and inflammatory response
Hyperoxia acts on regulators and mediators of the inflammatory response and decreases oxidative stress. This results in an anti-inflammatory effect and decreases cell damage.
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Increases cerebral blood flow and neuroprotection
It improves perfusion thanks to the formation of new vessels and cerebral oxygenation, decreases edema and inflammation of the central nervous system.
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Osteogenesis
Hyperoxia stimulates the differentiation of bone-forming cells, promotes osteogenesis and bone repair.
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Decreases ischemia-reperfusion damage
It improves tissue microcirculation, decreases the production of reactive oxygen species and increases their degradation by stimulating the expression of antioxidant enzymes.
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Analgesic effect
It has an anlgesic effect in nociceptive and neurophatic pain, through tissue repair, recovery of functionality and reduction of inflammation.

History of Hyperbaric Medicine

1662 - Great Britain

Development of the first Hyperbaric Chamber sketch. It called "Domicillium".

1775 - 1789

Discovery of oxygen properties.

1860 - Canada

Construction of the first Hyperbaric Chamber.

1878

Treatment of diver decompressive disease.

1920 - 1930 - USA

Treatment for hypoxic problems (circulatory, cardiac). Construction of the "Spherical Cunningham-Timken", a 5-floor Hyperbaric Chamber.

1959 - Amsterdam

First hyperbaric operating room for cardio-pulmonary surgeries and skin grafts.

1960 - USA and the rest of the world

First successful treatment of gas gangrene. The indications for injuries, anaerobic infections and carbon monoxide poisoning are extended.

1974-1990 - Russia

The emergency of the hyperbaric medicine centers in Moscow.

Nowadays - USA and Israel

Pressures lower than 2 ATA are described as optimal for neurological disorders and the indications are significantly expanded.

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