Multiple Sclerosis is a progressive disease of the central nervous system that affects the myelin or white matter of the brain and spinal cord, causing the appearance of disseminated plaques that prevent the normal functioning of these nerve fibers. Myelin is a substance that surrounds the nerves of certain nerve cells allowing them to transmit their impulses quickly. The speed and efficiency with which these impulses are conducted allows fast, smooth and coordinated movements with little effort.
When multiple sclerosis appears, it produces an immune abnormality that usually manifests with problems of balance, weakness, coordination, alteration of sight, difficulty in thinking and memorizing, punctures, and other symptoms.
What are the causes?
The causes of multiple sclerosis are unknown, but there are indications that it could be an immune disease that causes the body to attack its own myelin. To date there is no cure, but there are a number of drugs and therapies that help to slow down its progress.
In general, multiple sclerosis is a disease that occurs in adults. The average age is between 29 and 45 years and women suffer from the disease more often than men.
The main symptoms are
1) Double or blurred vision
3) Vertigo or lack of balance
4) Difficulty walking or coordinating movements
5) Sensation of tingling or numbness
7) Speech problems
8) Tremor in the hands
9) Loss of strength or sensitivity in any part of the body
According to the data collected by the Spanish Society of Neurology (SEN), some of these symptoms occur frequently and the patient recovers from them more quickly. Most people with multiple sclerosis experience more than one symptom and each patient has a combination of several of them.
Treatments that can help the patient
Currently there is no treatment that cures multiple sclerosis. The treatments that exist mainly seek to prevent the neurological disability of the patient in the long term. The objective is to improve the quality of life of the person who has it.
Patients who have diagnosed the pathology can lead an active and full life. Anyway, for the patient it is not easy to assume, that is why according to the SEN data, up to 75% of the patients suffer alterations of mood or depression at some point. It is important to speak openly to assimilate the disease and treat psychological problems.
Among the therapies that may be beneficial for patients with multiple sclerosis is hyperbaric oxygenation treatment, which produces an increase in cerebral blood flow, is anti-inflammatory, promotes vasoconstriction and reduces edema, stimulates the repair process of injured tissues, has direct effects on neurotransmitters and increases the volume of oxygen in the central nervous system.
As for multiple sclerosis, patients feel a decrease in tremor and decrease in stiffness, which improves their quality of life.
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