Several studies have demonstrated the benefits of Hyperbaric Oxygenation Treatment before and after surgery.
What is hyperbaric treatment and what are its effects?
Hyperbaric Oxygenation Treatment (HBOT) is a non-invasive method that consists of supplying oxygen at high concentrations in a pressurized hyperbaric chamber at a minimum of 1.4 ATM atmospheres (higher than the normal ambient atmospheric pressure of 1 atmosphere). Thus, the person is breathing 100% oxygen. This gas is transported to the blood and manages to reach even damaged tissues.
Hyperbaric oxygen allows, safely, reduce inflammation and facilitate wound healing. This treatment influences postoperative tissue edema. This results in a greater reduction in pain in the patient.
On the other hand, HBOT has antibacterial effects that decrease the risk of infection after surgery. A postoperative patient who undergoes treatment in the hyperbaric chamber increases their local defenses, because phagocytosis is stimulated. In addition, by decreasing the production of toxins, the patient remains more stable hemodynamically. This means that their blood structures work correctly. In these patients, the treatment of Hyperbaric Oxygenation (HBOT) can be helpful for debridement or surgical previous cleaning and for an antibiotic treatment.
What happens after a surgery?
After surgery, medical attention is focused on healing and healing. One of the best resources for the patient and the surgeon is the hyperbaric chamber, with which the times are significantly reduced. Hyperbaric Oxygenation is used before and after surgery.
The red blood cells in the blood carry oxygen from the lungs to all tissues. Generally, they are completely saturated, that is, they work at their maximum capacity. The air we breathe only has 21% oxygen and within the hyperbaric chamber the percentage of oxygen rises to 100%.
When a patient enters the hyperbaric chamber and breathes pure oxygen under conditions of pressure and for a certain time, this oxygen enters the lungs as free oxygen by passive diffusion, obeying some physical laws, diluted in plasma and is available so that all the cells that require it can use it.
After treatment, the availability of oxygen in the blood increases up to 20 times above its normal value. If it is understood that oxygen is a fundamental component in the body’s physiological processes, the benefits of increasing its concentration in hypoxic or damaged tissues are understood.
Who can receive hyperbaric oxygenation treatment?
Hyperbaric Oxygenation Treatment can be used in patients who undergo any surgery and for patients who are at risk for healing such as smokers, overweight patients, with diabetes, with autoimmune diseases or in extensive surgeries.
Hyperbaric Medicine Practice. Eric Kindwall, Harry Whelan
Experience with the use of hyperbaric oxygen in auricle postsurgical reconstruction with skin pocket ischemia. Gutiérrez GC, Ferreira AFE, Moreno CJE, Ruiz-Funes MAP, Del Hierro GCE
The use of oxygen therapy by means of hyperbaric chamber in oral and maxillofacial surgery. J.I. Iriarte Ortabe, J.M. Batle Vidal, M. Urdiain Asensio, J. Caubet Biayna, M.A. Morey Mas, J. Collado Lopez, V. Lasa Menéndez, H. Hamdan, C. Bosch Lozano, J. Sánchez Mayoral
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for wound healing. James Wright
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