What are the types of arthritis?

Arthritis is the inflammation of the joints. Although it is a symptom or signal and not a specific diagnosis, the term arthritis is often used to refer to any medical problem that affects the joints. A joint is where two bones meet, such as the elbow or knee.

There are different types of arthritis. The most commons are:

1) Ankylosing spondylitis: is a form of arthritis that affects the spine. It often includes redness, warmth, swelling and pain in the spine or joints that join the base of the spine (sacrum) with the pelvis (iliac bone). In some people it can also affect the shoulders, the ribs, the hips, the knees, the feet, the places where the tendons and ligaments attach to the bones. It can sometimes affect other organs such as the eyes, the intestines and, very rarely, the heart and lungs.

2) Gout: is a type of arthritis that causes joint pain and stiffness. Gout occurs when crystals of a substance called uric acid in the joints accumulate. It often starts on the big toe. It can cause lumps under the skin, as well as kidney stones.

3) Juvenile arthritis: is the term used to describe the arthritis that occurs in children. Children can have arthritis just like adults.

4) Osteoarthritis: is a disease that damages the slippery tissue that covers the ends of the bones of a joint. This slippery tissue is called cartilage. When this happens, the bones begin to rub against each other. This friction causes pain, swelling and loss of movement in the joint. Over time, the joint may lose its normal appearance. Unlike other forms of arthritis, osteoarthritis only affects the joints and not other internal organs. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis.

5) Psoriatic arthritis: can occur in people who have psoriasis (patches of scaly skin, red and white). This type of arthritis affects the skin, joints and areas where tissues attach to the bone.

6) Reactive arthritis: is the pain or inflammation in a joint that is presented as a “reaction” to an infection in the body. You may also have red, swollen eyes and inflammation in the urinary tract. These symptoms can occur alone, together or simply not occur.

7) Rheumatoid arthritis: occurs when the body’s defense system does not work well. It affects the joints and bones (often of the hands and feet) and can also affect the internal organs and systems. The patient may feel sick or tired, and may have a fever.

Arthritis can occur along with other health problems, such as:

1) Lupus: what happens when the body’s defense system can damage the joints, heart, skin, kidneys and other organs.

2) An infection that reaches a joint and destroys the tissue between the bones.

How does the hyperbaric chamber helps to treat arthritis?

Hyperbaric oxygenation for the treatment of arthritis is very efficient in reducing joint pain and inflammation, because the increased arrival of oxygen to joint and tendon tissues produces rapid inflammation and repair, promoting recovery and mobility. It also helps the immune system. Among its benefits:

  • Provides more oxygen to the joint tissues
  • It has anti-inflammatory effects
  • Promotes recovery and mobility
  • Help the immune system


National Institutes of Health (NIH)


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