Hyperbaric oxygenation prevents the consolidation of the fracture, mainly because it favors the healing process. The use of the hyperbaric chamber is very useful in the immediate post-traumatic period, since the increase in tissue oxygen tension stimulates fibroblastic proliferation, synthesis, collagen secretion and neovascularization. By stimulating osteoclastic and osteoblastic activity, bone remodeling is promoted.
Infection and poor healing are frequent problems of fractures, since the blood supply is affected and this makes it difficult for antibiotics to reach the injured area and take effect, which favors the growth of bacteria.
With the treatment in a hyperbaric chamber, oxygen arrives dissolved in plasma with sufficient pressures to supply the needs of the affected tissue and correct the defects produced by hypoxia and edema.
The patient receives oxygen in high concentrations. The gas is transported through the blood plasma and reaches all tissues of the body, even those less irrigated. This increased availability of oxygen in the blood accelerates the process of angiogenesis or formation of new blood vessels, which is essential for the healing of any wound. In addition, it has anti-inflammatory effects.
Combined with other treatments or medications indicated by the doctor, hyperbaric medicine provides numerous benefits to patients with fractures and reduces risks. The process may be long, but it is safe, effective and non-invasive.
About the TOH
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy is a type of treatment that is based on obtaining high partial pressures of oxygen, higher than atmospheric. It is performed inside a hyperbaric chamber.
Sources: Torres Perdomo JE, Pascau Ruíz Y, Zayas Benítez K, Leyva Moreno U, Martín Tirado JC, Leyva Barrientos CR. Use of hyperbaric oxygenation in exposed traumatic fracture. About a case. Rev Méd Electrón [Internet]. 2014 Mar-Abr [cited: access date]; 36 (2). Available at: http://www.revmatanzas.sld.cu/revista%20medica/ano%202014/vol2%202014/tema11.htm
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